Judaism is the world’s oldest of the four largest monotheistic religions (religions with only one god). It is also the smallest, with less than 15 million followers worldwide.
Jewish history begins in the Middle East, during the Bronze Age, around 1812 BC which is more than 3800 years ago. It begins with the covenant established between God and Abraham.
The Prophet Moses (Moshe) gave the Torah (Jewish Law), the primary document of Judaism, to the Jews around 3300 years ago.
The Jewish calendar starts with the day when Adam and Eve were created (the Sixth Day of Creation). 2016 is 5776 on the Jewish Calendar. It starts with Rosh Hashanah, the two day Jewish New Year. The New Year this year (2016) will be October 2nd at sundown and the New Year will be 5777.
The largest Jewish populations are in Israel the U.S. and UK.